This week’s Pet-wise breaks down what constitutes a healthy treat and highlights what to avoid when giving your dog a reward.
Have you ever noticed how much the dog treat aisle at the pet or grocery store looks a whole lot like the cereal aisle?
Sadly, given the ingredients in the most popular treats, the two products are much too similar.
My buddy, Bob the dog’s person, once reacted with shock when I told him that Beneful food and treats are basically Froot Loops for dogs. He said, “But there are vegetables on the bag!”
Honestly, it might be healthier for a dog to eat the bag.
Current food theory suggests that for both people and pets, ‘the fewer ingredients, the better.’ Let’s see how this applies by comparing a couple of popular dog treats:
Purina Beggin’ Strips vs. Red Barn Choppers
The Beggin’ Strips, (made in China) contain virtually nothing of nutritional value to your dog. In fact, most of the ingredients are not readily metabolized and some are even considered carcinogenic. The grains are going to end up on the sidewalk, if you know what I mean, and the processed sugars can end up in fatty deposits.
On the other hand, Red Barn products are made in the USA and generally contain one protein-based ingredient. In this case dehydrated beef lung.
Before you fall for the argument that quality ingredients cost too much, let’s do the math.
Believe it or not, these two products cost almost exactly the same! The Choppers cost only two cents more per ounce. Pet nutritionists and commentators like Rodney Habib, will tell you that the money you put in your pet’s bowl now will be money you save in the vet’s office later!
If you’d have even more maintain control over what your dog eats, you can easily make nutritious and cost effective treats at home.
With a simple dehydrator, you can create natural, healthy chew treats for pennies with sweet potatoes, apples, carrots and pretty much any dense vegetable that can be dried.
This is a much, much better option than rawhide. Generic beef rawhide is good for chewing, but is not healthy. It becomes a moisture-based bacteria farm, poses a choking hazard and the hide itself is highly chemically processed.
Keep in mind that cat nutrition requires much more protein density than for canines. You can find some great suggestions for homemade cat food and treats at the Feline Nutrition Foundation.
Frozen fruits and veggies like Costco’s “Normandy” variety also offer low cost treat options…especially during these hot summer months. Many dogs love ice cubes, but frozen vegetables offer the same coolness, but with an added nutritional bonus.
We will talk more about the value of healthy treats for training in another post, but for now, keep in mind that while your dog does not need to eat as well as you do, the higher quality ingredients you feed, healthier your pet will be.
This week’s Pet-wise explores frustration in training and what you can do about it.
“Hey, thanks for telling me that I’ve been a jerk. I promise I’ll never do that again!”
Said no one ever.
But isn’t it funny how we seem to habitually focus on trying to fix problems, rather than celebrating when things actually do go well?
It’s generally the same with our pets. I’ll bet your dog or cat (and especially bird friends!) do not automatically ‘straighten up’ when you point out their character flaws.
This is the first in a series on How to Create a Peaceful Pooch. The first step is to…
Science tells us that punishment does not work in the long run, and this article in the journal Psychology Today, specifically cites research stating that negative human behaviors like hitting, ‘alpha’ behavior and forceful corrections result in aggressive responses. My personal feeling is, “How could they not?!”
As a behaviorist, my strongest held belief is that there is never anger in leadership. When you focus on fostering the behaviors you actually want, the entire training process becomes more enjoyable for everyone.
Let’s look at how this applies to the issues nearly every pet person deals with at one time or another.
The Ugly Half Dozen
If these are the things you don’t want, ask yourself, what is the opposite of that?
The Blissful Six
If you want to see some truly happy pets, check out the client gallery at Saving Grace Petcare. No day is complete without cute pet pics, right?
So, how do you flip the switch from ARGH! To Ahh?
Be willing to change your own mind
If the struggle isn’t working, then a change of perspective is the only option. I suggest to my life-coaching clients to habitually use the phrase, “Up until now.” If Grover hasn’t understood what you want from him so far, then it’s imperative that you get some hope. Borrow some of mine!
The fact that the dogs rescued from Michael Vick’s dog fighting ring were able to become happy, family dogs should be evidence of nearly any dog’s potential for change. If he has pulled like a truck ‘up until now’ it is still possible that he can learn what you really want.
Find Methods and Equipment that Work for You
Every creature has its own personality and preferences. Thinking that all creatures are the same and should be dealt with just like in the old days is an error. By extension, the tools that worked for your previous pets might not necessarily work for your current cutie.
Focus on Fun
Isn’t it true that you tend to do more of what you like and less of what you don’t?
Dogs and cats are even less inclined to struggle with behaviors they don’t like. They have no social reason to comply.
Find a training routine that brings a smile to your face. If you can’t imagine that such a thing exists, drop me a line. I can help.
The Cardinal Rule: Nothing but good should ever come from your hands
Swatting, squirting with a spray bottle, yanking, etc. just makes your dog afraid of your hands. What could go wrong? Everything.
Think to yourself, “How do I want this to feel?” Then find the straightest path between struggle and satisfaction!
This week’s Petwise offers practical rules of thumb for making running safer and for knowing when it is not such a good idea.
The podcast can be found here.
Here is a really interesting rule of thumb for running with your dog, shared by Dr. Justine Lee, DVM.
If the temperature + the humidity percentage adds up to more than 150, Don’t Do It!
For example, as I write this, it’s 84° with 71% humidity…at midnight.
84 + 71 = 155.
Dr. Lee says that means running right now is a bad idea.
I agree! Overheating is a huge issue, (see more below) but it is just one thing to keep in mind when considering running in the city.
Don’t automatically assume your dog is a runner
Small dogs, giant breed dogs, puppies, older dogs, smooshed-nose dogs and pups with health considerations are not good jogging partners.
Some dogs, like my American Bulldog/Basset Hound mix, are just not temperamentally suited to strenuous exercise. Now, some people might call that lazy, but running simply for the sake of it may not be a good idea.
Watch those bones
Ashley Gallagher, DVM, of Friendship Animal Hospital, once said to me, “If you can’t run without sneakers, then neither should your dog!”
That may seem a bit extreme, but Dr. Gallagher has a point. Pounding on hard surfaces can take a terrible toll on your dog.
Puppies are especially at risk for skeletal damage that can cause pain for the rest of their lives, but joint and hip problems can wreak havoc on canines of all ages.
Just think how you feel after super strenuous exercise. The kind of muscle strain and joint soreness humans feel effects dogs in the same way.
Hit the dirt
In the same way that the sidewalk can help file a dog’s nails down, the abrasive nature of concrete and asphalt, can wear down or tear paw pads, causing bleeding, calluses, and infections. Contrary to what most people think, those rough pads are not the same as shoe leather!
To avoid these issues, run on grassy areas and dirt paths as much as possible. The extra added bonus here is that you will likely be more in shade than otherwise.
The National Mall is a lovely, shaded pedestrian area, but be mindful that the gravel on those paths can get stuck between toes, which can be very painful, and it can break nails and cause ankle instability.
Make It a Good Run
When you do decide to run with your dog, follow a few simple rules:
Beat the Heat on the Street
For our furry friends, the discomforts and dangers of summer weather include the heat, the humidity, direct sun, the air pressure, the asphalt, the sidewalks, hot metal, pests, parasites and pretty much everything associated with what we consider fun in the sun.
The truth is, your pet’s cooling system is notoriously poorly designed. Even short-haired dogs and cats suffer outdoors.
For instance, people tend to think of paw pads as equivalent to shoe leather. In one way, that thought makes sense because critters don’t wear shoes, right? However, it does not take into account that fact that paw pads contain hundreds of veins, very close to the surface of the skin. These veins carry blood and fluids from the heated ground, directly to the heart. And, since dogs perspire only through the tongue and between the paw pads, that heated fluid doesn’t get much chance to cool down before causing the entire body to heat up quickly.
Heat stroke can result, so the #1 rule is: If the street is too hot for YOU to walk on without shoes, your dog should not either!
Saving Grace Petcare, does not run with your dog, but we can provide exercise that is safe and comfortable…with the all-important socialization of pack walks. Contact us for availability.
In meanwhile, tell us in the comments below, about your favorite ways to keep cool with your dog and about your favorite trails and safe places to walk and run.
Until next week, take care of yourselves…and of your pets!
As I sit next to my happy, confident, relaxed puppy taking a luxurious nap in her crate (which she voluntarily entered, by the way!), I am filled to the brim with thankfulness to Bonny King-Taylor, The Doggy Lama.
After only having my puppy for a week, I was nearly ready to call the rescue right back up and tearfully admit that I just couldn’t cut it as a dog mom, and certainly not a dog trainer. Enter Bonny, who went out of her way to travel to my home on a weekend to meet with me, my husband, and Kira for hours.
Bonny is the type of person that makes you feel like you’ve made a friend immediately. She listened to us – and I mean really listened! She met us where we were and helped us build our knowledge and confidence from there. And that’s the thing – our visit with Bonny was much more about us than it was Kira!
Bonny helped us recognize where our anxiety lay and how it was influencing our relationship with our dog, and those realizations helped us begin to create a dynamic that is respectful, clear, calm, loving, and joyful with our dog. Bonny also has an immense amount of knowledge about the nuts and bolts of the dog world and was able to make excellent recommendations for us – breeds, food, toys, leashes, crates, etc.
We cannot recommend Bonny highly enough to anyone looking to improve their relationship with their dog.
Spring is blooming all over and it’s the perfect time to help our fur friends to get in shape.
According to a recent study published in the Wall Street Journal, one-fifth of dogs and cats are classified ‘obese’, while more than 30 per cent are above normal weight. This epidemic is causing record-breaking cases of pet arthritis, cancers, diabetes and kidney failure.
No one wants to think of their pooch as pudgy, or their cat as fat, but the good news is that this condition is 100% within our control.
Steven Budsberg, veterinary expert at the University of Georgia, told the Wall Street Journal, ‘There’s the high cost to people, and it’s self-induced. I never met a German shepherd who could open the refrigerator or food bag and pour himself another bowl.’
Try these get-fit tips this spring, and all year round:
I’m both sad and glad to report that my friends’ Beagle mix, Sassafras is still missing. It’s sad because she has been on the street since April 8th. It’s glad because recent search tracks have indicated that she is still out there. (See the latest in her blog here.)
I spoke to one of Sassafras’ people yesterday about DC Lost Pet Alert wanting to know the most important things anyone hoping to help in a search should know.
What struck me the most is that the one thing a good-hearted person would want to do to help is the very last thing they should do.
When my friend said, “Tell people to take a picture right away, preferably one with a time stamp. Collect as much information as you can about where you are. Do NOT chase the dog!” it made perfect sense in a way I had not thought of before.
By trying to be a helping hero, rather than collecting information, you could actually make things worse for the dog.
Read more about why it is such a bad idea, after the jump.
This is one of my favorite events of the year.
I’ll be joining a couple of local dignitaries at the judging table. We will put our noses together to choose the best in show, as well as best costume, best trick, funniest, smallest/tallest, etc.
See the calendar for details and then bring your four footed friends for a fun time!
Just recently, I witnessed a well-meaning dog person pinning his puppy to the ground, his hand around her neck. He used an alpha roll in an effort to teach his dog to not jump on other dogs in the park.
The puppy screamed so loudly and for so long, that I broke off a conversation I was having with a client, and sprinted across the park. I was expecting to have to do first aid on an injured animal.
Instead, I found this man, holding his four month old down, looking at her with thunder in his eyes.
Can you see the error in his logic?
For years, I’ve been advocating that people leave puppies with their litter mates for at least sixty days and, preferably eighty to ninety.
Doing so gives the puppies the chance to learn natural bite inhibition from their razor toothed mates in a way that human intervention simply can’t. This leads to a soft mouth later in life and much less danger of aggressive biting.
A new study in the British Veterinary Associations Veterinary Record supports this theory and suggests many other behavior problems can be avoided by leaving puppies in the litter for at least 60 days.
The study of 140 dogs between the ages of eighteen months and seven years suggested that dogs taken from their litter between thirty and forty days exhibited destructiveness, aggression, nuisance barking, food and toy defending, neediness, play biting, and resistance on the walk.
The behavior that surprised me, but which makes sense upon reflection, is noise reactivity. Any puppy left with their shrieking, attention-seeking litter mates is bound to be better able to adjust to loud sounds later in life.
Each of the problem behaviors identified in Dr. Federica Pirrone‘s research can be managed with positive reinforcement, desensitization and distraction techniques at any age. But wouldn’t it be great if that weren’t necessary?
The bottom line: Do not despair, or give up, if your dog lacks litter education. Above all, avoid buying puppies from pet shops/puppy mills and breeding farms that sell puppies too early in their development.